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In this essay, I will argue that Plato's ideal city is not sufficient for Aristotle's polis because Plato's city is not self-sufficient, while a polis is due to individual roles and the partnership of citizens. Plato’s attitude to the emancipation of women has to be understood in the context of the complex moral and political theory in which it is embedded. The dialogue is set on the Greek island of Crete in the 4th century B.C.E. The relevance of The Republic to our modern society In Plato’s The Republic, Plato illustrates what his ideal city would look like. The ideal city described in the work is ideal to me because it relates all essential parts to bring harmony among the different kind of people and the virtues that go hand in hand with to bring about justice. First, craftsmen, are dominated by their desires, so they produce tangible consumer goods and the existence of society. The guardians , who are philosophers, govern the city; the auxiliaries are soldiers who defend it; and the lowest class comprises the producers (farmers, artisans, etc). In this ideal and just city, everyone: the guardians, auxiliaries, and farmers and craftsmen, have to do their own task, otherwise it wouldn’t be just. He attended Cornell University. The guardians, also known as philosopher kings, being in the gold class of the city, are wise, knowledgeable, and most importantly they are philosophers. But the ideas set out in ‘The Republic’ of Plato are not political, they are associated with justice. The republic influenced many people to understand the purpose for democracy, and it led to new philosophical schools of thought. Plato, Descartes and The Matrix; what a trio of reading that if not for my ability to read without believing everything that was before my eyes, I would not know. In the Republic, Plato Now, Plato divides a man into three similar parts. Just like the lives of the guardians, the lives of the auxiliaries are completely controlled; they all live in the same place and don’t have any privacy, they all eat the same thing and have their schedule planned out for them and they’re not allowed to own anything. Plato was influenced of the Pythagorean theory of the human nature. The military should live modestly and their property should be public; Children of the military should be kept together, and conceiving them should be selective; As women and children live together with the warriors, then women should also be guardians. The ideal city parallels the concept of the ideal person as Plato uncovers with the aid of dialectic. In a fair state, each class has an obligation to remain true to its nature, destined to engage with real commitments and tasks. Plato’s ideal state is based on Socratic doctrine, “ideal is real” by this he meant that, reality should be found in the ideas of permanent things not in the things which are supposed to be changed or decay. Plato is able to achieve an answer to the question, what is justice. Only the best of the Guardians get to be rulers. As a pupil of Socrates, Plato's construction of this ideal city, named Kallipolis, was much more than hypothesizing about mortar and stone. Plato Ideal State is based on the following principles or features: Plato State is Functional Specialization. In it, he sketches the basic political structure and laws of an ideal city named Magnesia. Temperance is the unique virtue of the artisan class; courage is the virtue peculiar to the military class; and wisdom characterizes the rulers. As a result, he proposed to create different training programs for the different classes of future artisans, military and philosopher-kings. As a student of the famous philosopher Socrates, Plato left Athens after the death of his mentor approximately in 399  BC. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. If everything works out the way that Plato plans, then this ideal and just city would be the perfect utopia. This logical conclusion is why Plato believes that a special class of “guardians” is best fit to rule the city. Therefore, the question arises, if I would want to live in the ideal city Plato has described in the work. He traveled extensively in various corners of Greece, Italy and Sicily, then returned and in 387  BC founded a school of mathematics and philosophy called the Academy, which became one of the most prestigious institutions in Ancient Greece. The military class of guardians shall be governed by the strength of spirit in their souls, giving them the courage needed to defend the country from foreign invasions. Socrates is finally close to answering the question after h… Plato believed that certain training methods can cultivate this type of spirituality and civic responsibility. ...The Ideal City In Plato’s book “Republic” he describes what he thinks would be an ideal city, for this city to be ideal it would have to be just. 3.Plato’s system of communism of women and To answer the question, Socrates takes a long way around, sketching an account of a good city on the grounds that a good city would be just and that defining justice as a virtue of a city would help to define justice as a virtue of a human being. In the case of Plato (428-347 B.C. The people in these three classes all have to flourish and thrive in whichever class they are in. Plato proposes that an ideal state will be governed by a person who is highly educated, has passion for truth and has achieved the greatest wisdom of knowledge of the good. 3.Plato’s system of communism of women and temporary marriage is detestable and unethical. Perhaps they are reacting to the new emphasis of reason and rationalism and. Plato believed that the arts can cast only shadows and traces of real objects, ideas and people, and thus damage the foundations of the fair state. For Plato, the ideal city was one which mirrored the kosmos, on the one hand, and the individual on the other. Due to a lack of surviving accounts, little is known about Plato's early life and education. The relationship with one another, as Plato suggests, is the reason for which the republic is established. Art is a powerful tool that if used inappropriately, can upset the harmony of the soul, and only philosophers can resist the devastating impact that can have one or another kind of art. They are able to have jobs, make money, buy and sell property, and own whatever they want. The task is to explain how these function in Plato’s account of the ideal city. In the ideal state of Plato there are three classes. In his masterpiece the Republic, Plato describes the ideal city and draws a parallel between this city and the just soul, with the three classes of the city mirroring the three parts of the soul. That philosophy training would always cultivate only wise people. His Guardians would be selected after being put through a rigorous education and testing regime which would both ensure that they were physically and mentally strong and that they possessed the right type of character. The guardians can’t do the job of the auxiliaries or the farmers and craftsmen, the auxiliaries can’t do the job of the guardians or farmers and craftsmen, and the farmers and craftsmen can’t do the job of the guardians or auxiliaries. In his just city there are three classes of people; gold, silver, and bronze/iron; known as the National Division of Labor. If they the people in the silver class flourish and thrive in their jobs, then they will experience happiness. In Bk. After all, the woman has the same elements in their soul as a man does. In what year was Vonnegut born? Plato’s “ideal state” operates similar to organisms whereby each performs its day-to-day task in a bid to excel. I conclude that Glaucon creates the “city for pigs,” not Socrates. Instead of focusing on forms, like the guardians, auxiliaries put their focus towards particulars. In his just city there are three classes of people; gold, silver, and bronze/iron; known as the National Division of Labor. vii (I957), 164 ff. They enjoy learning about forms and think that anything else won’t bring somebody happiness. Plato associates the traditional Greek virtues with the class structure of the ideal state. Plato or Aristotle wouldn't know what to do with a place that had more than that. They are the soldiers and the rulers. The ideas enshrined in the teachings of Plato come from his understanding of justice associated with the inner world of the individual and the idea of ​​the ideal state. Roberts Marcus, Theory of Plato on the Ideal State, 2005 [http://www.fictionpress.com/s/2064277/1/]. Plato thought that leaders must embody not only the image of the intellectual elite, but also the leaders guided by morality. Faced with the fundamental problem of power and justice, Plato proposes as a solution the restoration of harmony between the City as a political entity and the citizens who compose it. Plato fails to condemn the institution of slavery and regard it as fundamental evil. The teachings of Plato for ‘The Republic’ can be subjected to criticism. ABSTRACT. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? Plato associates the traditional Greek virtues with the class structure of the ideal state. In his just city there are three classes of people; gold, silver, and bronze/iron; known as the National Division of Labor. In this context, the theory of Plato exeptionally rely on philosophy to educate and produce wise men, kings. For Plato, Kallipolis was meant to reflect two drastically … Plato's Ideal City-State by T.Simeonov South-West University, Bulgaria, 2011 Introduction Plato was a prominent Athenian philosopher who dwelled upon issues related to education, humanity and justice. Only when man go through many years of training by mathematical models and dialectical techniques, not earlier than the age of 50, the ruler philosopher will be readily equiped with enough wisdom to join the government of his country. Let Professional Writer Help You, 6000 Fairview Road, SouthPark Towers, Suite 1200, Charlotte, NC 28210, USA. 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